Klaus von Klitzing

klitzing

Director at the Max Planck Institute

 

Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics (1985)

Winner of Dirac Medal (1988)

Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London (2003)

Member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1990)

Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) (2006)


Abstract:

Klaus von Klitzing was born in 1943 in Schroda. He received his PhD from the University of Würzburg in 1972. After research stays in England, USA and France he became a Professor at the Technical University in Munich in 1980. Since 1985 he is director at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1985 for the discovery of the Quantum Hall Effect which plays a major role in metrology, not only as a resistance standard but also in connection with the discussion of a new SI system based on fundamental constants. His present research activities concentrate on quantum transport in low dimensional electronic systems.

He has published more than 500 papers and received a large number of national and international awards. He holds 22 honorary degrees including honorary professor at Fudan University and Shanghai University. Besides many other fellowships he is a foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of London, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.